Introduction to Ether 6-10
In Ether 6–10, Moroni told of the Jaredites’ journey across the ocean to the promised land. He then summarized the reigns of several generations of kings, contrasting periods of righteousness with periods of wickedness and conflict. Moroni observed many similarities between the Jaredites and his own people, the Nephites. He described the cycle of pride, prosperity, wickedness, and repentance that he had seen in the two nations. He outlined the grave danger we put ourselves in when we allow pride and secret combinations to get control in our society. Both the Nephite and the Jaredite civilizations illustrate the truth that what we sow, we shall reap. Following the Lord brings happiness, while straying from His commandments brings strife and misery.
Ether 6 – The Jaredites travel by barge to the promised land. They praise the Lord for directing them thee. Orihah is made king, and Jared and his brother pass away.
Note: Try to compare the Jaredites’ journey to the promised land with our journey through mortality toward the Celestial kingdom.
VS3 -“Give Light unto Men, Women, and Children”
- The Lord Jesus Christ is the source of light for our world and for our lives (see D&C 88:5–13). The Lord touched the stones the brother of Jared presented to Him “to give light unto men, women, and children” (Ether 6:3) as they crossed the ocean. The Lord also provides light to guide us through the darkness of mortality and toward the brightness of the celestial kingdom—our promised land. Our way is lit by the light of apostles and prophets, the standard works, and inspired leaders and teachers.
- We too can be a light—we can light the way for others when we hearken to the Lord’s counsel and keep ourselves worthy of His Spirit. Sister Ardeth G. Kapp, former Young Women general president, counseled: “You have the light within. You can shine in darkness. You can light up the world. You can help dispel the darkness. You can make a difference” (The Joy of the Journey , 69).
VS4-The Jaredites Commended Themselves to the Lord
In the context of Ether 6:4–9 the word commend means to entrust their care to. In other words, the Jaredites entrusted their care to God. By commending themselves to the Lord, they demonstrated their faith that He could and would deliver them. “The wind did never cease to blow towards the promised land while they were upon the waters” (Ether 6:8). Contrast this attitude with the attitude of Nephi’s brothers as they crossed the sea with their family. When Laman and Lemuel bound Nephi, the family’s compass, the Liahona, ceased to work and their boat was “driven back upon the waters for the space of four days” (1 Nephi 18:15). Both the Jaredites and Lehi’s family sought to commend themselves to the Lord’s care; however, some members of Lehi’s family were disobedient. The contrast between these two accounts shows that we must exercise faith and keep the commandments to receive all the blessings the Lord would give us through His care.
VS9 – “Sing Praises unto the Lord”
- D&C 25:12 – For my soul adelighteth in the bsong of the cheart; yea, the dsong of the righteous is a prayer unto me, and it shall be answered with a blessing upon their heads.
- The First Presidency described the power of inspirational music:
“Hymns invite the Spirit of the Lord, create a feeling of reverence, unify us as members, and provide a way for us to offer praises to the Lord.
“… Hymns move us to repentance and good works, build testimony and faith, comfort the weary, console the mourning, and inspire us to endure to the end. …
“… Hymns can lift our spirits, give us courage, and move us to righteous action. They can fill our souls with heavenly thoughts and bring us a spirit of peace” (Hymns, ix–x).
VS10 – “No monster of the sea could break them.”
- James 4:7 – 7 aSubmit yourselves therefore to God. bResist the cdevil, and he will flee from you.
- Thomas S. Monson said, “Like the vital rudder of a ship, we have been provided a way to determine the direction we travel. The lighthouse of the Lord beckons to all as we sail the seas of life. Our home port is the celestial kingdom of God. Our purpose is to steer an undeviating course in that direction. A man without a purpose is like a ship without a rudder—never likely to reach home port. To us comes the signal: Chart your course, set your sail, position your rudder, and proceed.
As with the ship, so it is with man. The thrust of the turbines, the power of the propellers are useless without that sense of direction, that harnessing of the energy, that directing of the power provided by the rudder, hidden from view, relatively small in size, but absolutely essential in function.
Our Father provided the sun, the moon, the stars—heavenly galaxies to guide mariners who sail the lanes of the sea. To all who walk the pathways of life, He cautions: Beware the detours, the pitfalls, the traps. Cunningly positioned are those clever pied pipers of sin beckoning here or there. Do not be deceived. Pause to pray. Listen to that still, small voice (see D&C 85:6) which speaks to the depths of our souls the Master’s gentle invitation: “Come, follow me” (Luke 18:22). We turn from destruction, from death. We find happiness and life everlasting…
As we venture forth on our individual voyages, may we sail safely the seas of life. With the never-failing rudder of faith guiding our passage, we too will find our way safely home. “Home is the sailor, home from sea.” Home to family, home to friends, home to heaven, home to God” (Sailing Safely the Seas of Life, 1982).
VS12 – Tender Mercies
Elder David A. Bednar of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles described the “tender mercies of the Lord”:
“I testify that the tender mercies of the Lord are real and that they do not occur randomly or merely by coincidence. Often the Lord’s timing of His tender mercies helps us to both discern and acknowledge them.
“… The Lord’s tender mercies are the very personal and individualized blessings, strength, protection, assurances, guidance, loving-kindness, consolation, support, and spiritual gifts which we receive from and because of and through the Lord Jesus Christ. Truly the Lord suits ‘his mercies according to the conditions of the children of men’ (D&C 46:15).
“… One of the ways whereby the Savior comes to each of us is through His abundant and tender mercies. For instance, as you and I face challenges and tests in our lives, the gift of faith and an appropriate sense of personal confidence that reaches beyond our own capacity are two examples of the tender mercies of the Lord. Repentance and forgiveness of sins and peace of conscience are examples of the tender mercies of the Lord. And the persistence and the fortitude that enable us to press forward with cheerfulness through physical limitations and spiritual difficulties are examples of the tender mercies of the Lord” (in Conference Report, Apr. 2005, 105; or Ensign, May 2005, 99–100).
Q – What did the people do when they arrived in the promised land? In what ways can we follow their example? Think of the tender mercies in your life.
VS17 -“They Were Taught to Walk Humbly before the Lord”
- “Be thou humble; and the Lord thy God shall lead thee by the hand, and give thee answer to thy prayers” (D&C 112:10).
- Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin (1917–2008) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles explained that “humility is the recognition and attitude that one must rely on the Lord’s assistance to make it through this life” (in Conference Report, Oct. 2004, 110; or Ensign, Nov. 2004, 104).
- Bishop Richard C. Edgley of the Presiding Bishopric named humility as one of the basic characteristics of a faithful Church member:
“As I have pondered these faithful members, I am struck by two qualities they all seem to have. First, regardless of social or economic status or position, their humility leads to submissiveness to the Lord’s will. And second, in spite of the difficulties and trials of life, they are able to maintain a sense of gratitude for God’s blessings and life’s goodness. Humility and gratitude are truly the twin characteristics of happiness. …
“… In the kingdom of God, greatness begins with humility and submissiveness. These companion virtues are the first critical steps to opening the doors to the blessings of God and the power of the priesthood. It matters not who we are or how lofty our credentials appear. Humility and submissiveness to the Lord, coupled with a grateful heart, are our strength and our hope” (in Conference Report, Oct. 2003, 103–4; or Ensign, Nov. 2003, 98).
Q – What are some actions and attitudes you have seen in others that demonstrate “walk[ing] humbly before the Lord?” How can we be more humble? What are some challenges we face as we strive to be humble? How can we overcome these challenges?
VS17 – “Taught from on High
Elder Richard G. Scott of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles explained the blessings of being taught by the Spirit: “When all the challenges pour down on you, you will have a quiet inner feeling of support. You will be prompted to know what to do. You can live in a world of turmoil and great challenge and be at peace. You will be inspired to know what to do and to have the power or capacity to do it. Remember this promise of the Lord … : ‘Ye are to be taught from on high. Sanctify yourselves [that is, keep my commandments] and ye shall be endowed with power’ (D&C 43:16)” (in Conference Report, Apr. 1991, 44; or Ensign, May 1991, 35).
Q – Why do we need to “walk humbly before the Lord” in order to be “taught from on high”?
Ether 7 – Orihah is a righteous king. Rebellion occurs in later generations, causing rival kingdoms to come forth. The wicked are commanded to repent.
Ether 7 -Strife Entered the Kingdom
The brother of Jared warned his people that having a king would lead them into captivity (see Ether 6:22–23), and it did. The Jaredite king Kib and later his son Shule were both taken captive by rivals. Notice how quickly the brother of Jared’s prophecy was fulfilled.
A great deal of the Jaredites’ history is covered in chapter 7 of the book of Ether. Moroni recorded only highlights of this history in his abridgement. He emphasized the parallels with his own people and the lessons that would be most valuable for our day.
VS6 – Geographical Insight from Moroni
Moroni gave very little information regarding the geographic relationship between the Jaredite and Nephite lands. “However, he does indicate that the ‘land of Moron’ of the Jaredites ‘was near the land which is called Desolation by the Nephites.’ (Ether 7:6.) Inasmuch as the land of Moron was the capital land of the Jaredites and the Nephite land of Desolation was north of the narrow neck of land, it is assumed that the major portion of the Jaredite civilization lived north of the narrow neck of land” (Daniel H. Ludlow, A Companion to Your Study of the Book of Mormon , 321–22).
VS23–27 – King Shule’s People Heeded the Prophets’ Warnings
1. In His kindness and mercy, the Lord sent prophets to warn the people of Shule’s kingdom. At first they reviled and mocked the prophets; however, the prophets were protected by the righteous king’s proclamation. Shule’s people then heeded the prophets’ warnings and repented, thus avoiding the destruction that would have come as a result of their rejection of the prophets’ message.
2. President Henry B. Eyring of the First Presidency explained why the Lord warns His children of their wickedness: “Because the Lord is kind, He calls servants to warn people of danger. That call to warn is made harder and more important by the fact that the warnings of most worth are about dangers that people don’t yet think are real” (in Conference Report, Oct. 1998, 40; or Ensign, Nov. 1998, 32).
VS23–27 (see also 9:28–31) -Prophets and Their Messages Are Frequently Rejected
1. Why do prophets often get mocked and reviled? Elder Robert D. Hales of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles explained:
“Prophets must often warn of the consequences of violating God’s laws. They do not preach that which is popular with the world. …
“Why do prophets proclaim unpopular commandments and call society to repentance for rejecting, modifying, and even ignoring the commandments? The reason is very simple. Upon receiving revelation, prophets have no choice but to proclaim and reaffirm that which God has given them to tell the world” (in Conference Report, Apr. 1996, 52; or Ensign, May 1996, 37).
2. Elder L. Aldin Porter of the Presidency of the Seventy explained another reason people often reject the prophet’s counsel. He explained that people erroneously believe that prophetic warnings interfere with their agency: “Some complain that when the prophets speak with clarity and firmness, they are taking our agency away. We are still free to choose. But we must accept the consequences of those decisions. The prophets do not take away our agency. They simply warn us of what the consequences of our choices will be. How foolish it is to fault the prophets for their warnings” (in Conference Report, Oct. 1999, 82; or Ensign, Nov. 1999, 66).
Q – What might lead a person to accept or reject a prophet’s warnings? What are some warnings we have received from our living prophet?
Ether 8 – More contention in the kingdom. Akish forms a secret combination to slay the king, in order to marry Jared’s daughter. Gentiles are warned of the dangers of secret combinations.
VS1–12 – Secret Combinations among the Jaredites
Moroni paused in his rapid summary of Jaredite history to recount in great detail the instituting of secret combinations among these people. Moroni did so because these organizations caused the entire downfall of both the Jaredite and the Nephite societies (see Ether 8:21); unless we repent, secret combinations will cause the downfall of society in our own time (see verses 23–25).
Ether 8:9 indicates that the Jaredites learned about secret combinations from records that their fathers had brought with them from the old world. It is possible that these records contained an account of the earliest secret combinations (see Moses 5:29–33, 47–55). We know that the Jaredites had records of the “creation of the world, and also of Adam, and an account from that time even to the great tower” (Ether 1:3).
The plan by which Jared’s daughter proposed to help secure the kingdom for her father indicates how evil persons can take advantage of human weakness. Jared’s daughter was well aware of her personal beauty, as well as Akish’s desire for her. In her anxiety to help her father get power and gain, she was willing to participate in an evil plot.
VS18–25 – Characteristics of Secret Combinations
- Their two objectives are to get gain and power; then they glory in it (see Helaman 6:17; Ether 8:22; Moses 5:31).
- Secret combinations require general wickedness to survive (see Helaman 6:21, 31, 38).
- Secret combinations thrive on secrecy, violation of which is a capital offense (see Helaman 5:22; 6:22; Moses 5:29, 50).
- Secret combinations involve formal covenant making (see Helaman 6:22; Moses 5:30–31).
- They use murder, violence, threat of violence, plunder, vice, whoredoms, and flattery to get gain and power (see Helaman 2:4–5; 6:17, 23).
- Secret combinations operate on laws contrary to the laws of the country (see Helaman 6:23).
- Satan is the grand conspirator and author (see Helaman 6:26–30).
- Participants have court trials for their own people—not according to the laws of the land but according to their own set of laws (see Helaman 6:23–24).
- They seek to take governmental power as rapidly as possible (see Helaman 2:5; 6:39).
- Participants seek to overthrow freedom for others but seek to maintain freedom for themselves (see Ether 8:25; Moses 5:28–33).
- Secret combinations cause the destruction of nations (see Alma 37:21, 26, 29; Helaman 2:13; Ether 8:21–22).
- Secret combinations are abominable in God’s sight (see 3 Nephi 9:9; Ether 8:18).
VS25 -Satan Deceives and Is “the Father of All Lies”
1. Whereas the Lord is “a God of truth, and canst not lie” (Ether 3:12), Satan “was a liar from the beginning” (D&C 93:25). The Lord revealed to Moses that “Satan, yea, even the devil, [is] the father of all lies, to deceive and to blind men, and to lead them captive at his will, even as many as would not hearken unto my voice” (Moses 4:4).
2. Elder Dallin H. Oaks of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles explained that Satan “and the spirits who follow him are still deceiving the world. … Satan’s methods of deception are enticing: music, movies and other media, and the glitter of a good time. When Satan’s lies succeed in deceiving us, we become vulnerable to his power” (in Conference Report, Oct. 2004, 46; or Ensign, Nov. 2004, 43).
VS26 -Satan’s Power Can Be Thwarted by Righteousness
1. In speaking of the Millennium, Nephi explained that “because of the righteousness of [God’s] people, Satan has no power; … for they dwell in righteousness, and the Holy One of Israel reigneth” (1 Nephi 22:26). Moroni stated that one purpose of revealing Satan’s tactics is to do away with evil while looking forward to the time to come when “Satan may have no power upon the hearts of the children of men, but that they may be persuaded to do good continually” (Ether 8:26).
2. The Prophet Joseph Smith (1805–44) declared: “The devil has no power over us only as we permit him; the moment we revolt at anything which comes from God, the devil takes power” (Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Joseph Smith , 214).
Ether 9 – More rebellion and murder in the kingdom. Emer saw Christ. Prophets cry repentance and are stoned. A drought/famine covers the land and serpents plague the land. The people repent when they see they are going to perish.
Ether 9 -Cycles of Great Prosperity and Tragic Wickedness
Notice in Ether 9:5–12 that the rise of secret combinations again led to the destruction of many people. Verses 15–35 show a pattern that is repeated many times throughout the Book of Mormon:
- The people prospered exceedingly during the righteous reigns of Emer and Coriantum (see verses 15–25).
- The people began to join together in secret combinations and turn to wickedness under the reign of Heth (see verses 26–27).
- The Lord sent prophets to warn the people of their great wickedness (see verse 28).
- The people of Heth rejected the prophets (see verse 29).
- The judgments of God fell upon the people (see verses 30–33).
- The people humbled themselves and repented, and the Lord again blessed them (see verses 34–35).
In the midst of these cycles of prosperity and wickedness, the Jaredites demonstrated that a people can be wealthy and remain righteous. It seems that the Jaredites were able to remain in a condition of righteousness and prosperity for over 100 years (see verses 15–25). King Emer was even righteous enough to see the Lord (see verse 22). For a diagram depicting the pride cycle, refer to “The Cycle of Righteousness and Wickedness” in the appendix (page 414).
VS19 -Jaredite Animals
One scholar wrote about the mention of elephants among the Jaredites and the absence of any later mention of elephants among the Nephites:
“I think it quite significant that the Book of Mormon associates elephants only with the Jaredites, since there is no apparent reason why they should not have been as common in the fifth as in the fifteenth century B.C. All we know is that they became extinct in large parts of Asia somewhere between those dates, as they did likewise in the New World, to follow the Book of Mormon, leaving only the written records of men to testify of their existence.”
In this same discussion on elephants, he illustrated a point taken from Marco Polo’s description of his travels. In this description Marco Polo wrote about named elements unfamiliar to his native country. Hugh Nibley then applied the general principles of Polo’s experience to Book of Mormon animals named in the Book of Mormon but unknown to our culture: “‘They have plenty of iron, accarum, and andanicum,’ says Marco Polo of the people of Kobian. ‘Here they make mirrors of highly polished steel, of large size and very handsome.’ The thing to note here is not primarily the advanced state of steelworking in Central Asia, though that as we have seen is significant, but the fact that no one knows for sure what accarum and andanicum are. Marco knew, of course, but since the things didn’t exist in Europe there was no western word for them and so all he could do was to call them by their only names. It is just so with the cureloms and cumoms of Ether 9:19. These animals were unknown to the Nephites, and so Moroni leaves the words untranslated, or else though known to the Nephites, they are out of our experience so that our language has no name to call them by. They were simply breeds of those ‘many other kinds of animals which were useful for the food of man’” (Hugh W. Nibley, Lehi in the Desert and the World of the Jaredites , 217–18).
Ether 10 – Several generations pass by, with some righteous kings and some wicked kings. When righteous, the people prosper and are blessed. Secret combinations start up again.
Ether 10 – Leaders Can Influence Societies to Be Wicked or Righteous
In Ether 10, Moroni summarizes several generations in just 34 verses. Some kings were righteous and led the people to prosperity and peace; others were wicked and led the people to misery. It is not likely that the society changed quickly from righteousness to wickedness or from wickedness to righteousness as their kings changed. Rather, it is likely that they changed gradually.
Just as societies with wicked leaders can gradually become wicked, societies with righteous leaders can gradually become more righteous.
Q – Even in a wicked society, we can choose to be righteous. What can we do to keep our lives pure?
VS5–8 – Wickedness and Oppression of King Riplakish
Ether 10:5–7 describes the reign of King Riplakish. His wicked reign and his fall were very similar to the reign and the fall of the wicked King Noah (see Mosiah 11). Note the following characteristics of both kings:
|Riplakish (Ether 10)||Characteristics||Noah (Mosiah 11)|
|Verse 5||Very immoral||Verse 2|
|Verse 5||Taxed the people heavily||Verse 3|
|Verse 6||Built spacious and elaborate buildings||Verse 8|
|Verse 7||Glutted himself on the work of others||Verse 6|
|Verse 8||Killed by his own people||Mosiah 19:20|
Isaiah warned, “For the leaders of this people cause them to err” (Isaiah 9:16; 2 Nephi 19:16). The righteous King Mosiah later commanded his people not to have kings because “the sins of many people have been caused by the iniquities of their kings” (Mosiah 29:31).
VS19-28- A High Level of Civilization
Although the record is limited, Ether 10 provides insights about the high level of civilization enjoyed by the Jaredites under King Lib. Moroni told us the following about their level of prosperity:
- “They were exceedingly industrious, and they did buy and sell and traffic one with another, that they might get gain” (verse 22).
- “They did work in all manner of ore, and they did make gold, and silver, and iron, and brass, and all manner of metals. … And they did work all manner of fine work” (verse 23).
- They had “silks, and fine-twined linen; and they did work all manner of cloth” (verse 24).
- “They did make all manner of tools to till the earth, both to plow and to sow, to reap and to hoe, and also to thrash” (verse 25).
- “They did make all manner of tools with which they did work their beasts” (verse 26).
- “They did make all manner of weapons of war. And they did work all manner of work of exceedingly curious workmanship” (verse 27).
- Moroni concluded by telling us, “And never could be a people more blessed than were they” (verse 28). Why do you think Moroni said that?
VS33 – “There began again to be robbers in the land.”
Q – Why do you suppose that even after periods of righteousness the Jaredite civilization kept falling prey to secret combinations? What personal attributes can we develop that will help us resist secret combinations? (Example: personal integrity, love for the Lord, and love for the Lord’s commandments.)
What is the best way to get rid of secret combinations?
1. Helaman 6:37 – 37 And it came to pass that the Lamanites did hunt the band of robbers of Gadianton; and they did preach the word of God among the more wicked part of them, insomuch that this band of robbers was utterly destroyed from among the Lamanites.
2. 3 Nephi 5:4-5 – 4 And now it came to pass that when they had taken all the robbers prisoners, insomuch that none did escape who were not slain, they did cast their prisoners into prison, and did cause the word of God to be preached unto them; and as many as would repent of their sins and aenter into a bcovenant that they would murder no more were set at cliberty.
5 But as many as there were who did not enter into a covenant, and who did still continue to have those asecret murders in their hearts, yea, as many as were found breathing out threatenings against their brethren were condemned and punished according to the law.